INDIGENOUS TRIBES
Andaman & Nicobar Island

JARAWAS

They are now friendly an voluntarily seek medical assistance.They do not have good canoes but can make rafts which they build to cross the streams. The year 1974 was a land mark in the history of Jarawas. Dropping of gifts was done in February and March 1974. after establishing this friendly mission with the Jarawas, the contact party of the Administration quite often met the Jarawas and gave them gift items like banana, coconut and other fruits. With the passage of time, the behavioral patterns of Jarawas have changed. Till the beginning of 1998, they remained hostile, but now they are coming out of the jungle quite often and are becoming friendlier. For nearly a year there is not incidence of killing of villagers by the Jarawas. On the other hand, the Jarawas are coming out their habitat to mix with the local people. After giving them gift items like bananas, coconuts, etc., they are being sent out to live in their own natural habitat, with view not to force them to have a taste of the civilized world. Isolated so long, the Jarawas otherwise appear to be healthy, with smooth skin, deep curly hair, long and study hands and legs and sturdy bones. They are physically fit for hunting, fishing. Unlike, other tribes mentioned earlier, the Jarawas are not welfare dependent people. As nomadic tribes subsisting on hunting, fishing and gathering activities, their traditional food articles consist of boar (wild boar), turtles and their eggs, crabs and other shore animals, etc. wild pig fruits and honey.

Some anthropologists feel that both the Jarawas and the Sentinelese migrated from the Little Andaman island to the Great Andaman group of islands. Armour Belt - JarawaThe Sentinelese are the sole inhabitants of a small island called North Sentinel.

The Jarawas live along the western coast of the South and Middle Andaman islands. Both the people are gatherers and hunters; they are solely dependent on the terrestrial and aquatic resources found in their surroundings.